Wednesday, February 6, 2008

Romanian folklore

A feature of Romanian culture is the special relationship between folklore and the learned culture, determined by two factors. First, the rural character of the Romanian communities resulted in an exceptionally vital and creative traditional culture. Folk creations (the best known is the ballad Miorita) were the main literary genre until the 18th century. They were both a source of inspiration for cultivated creators and a structural model. Second, for a long time learned culture was governed by official and social commands and developed around courts of princes and boyars, as well as in monasteries.
Music and dance represent a lively part of the Romanian folklore and there are a great variety of musical genres and dances. Party music is very lively and shows both Balkan and Hungarian doina. Maria Tănase is considered to be one of the greatest Romanian folk singers and today Grigore Leşe and Taraful Haiducilor are two of the most famous musicians. The dances are lively and are practiced throughout Romania by a large number of professional and amateur groups, thus keeping the tradition alive; Hora is one of the most famous group dances but men's folk dances such as căluşari are extremely complex and have been declared by UNESCO to be "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritages of Humanity". influences. Sentimental music, however, is the most valued, and Romanians consider their (a sad song either about one's home or about love, composed like an epic ballad) unique in the world.

Watch some of Grigore Lese's videos:

Calusul, Romanian folk dance from the South of Romania:

Maria Tanase - Lung ii drumul Gorjului:


Vatra Dornei - Porniti Plugul:

Winter traditions:

More information you can find here: wikipedia

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